The BSAC was clearly, expressly, created to colonise Zimbabwe so that British business interests would make a killing in the country, writes Cain Mathema in his book Why the West and its MDC stooges want Zimbabwe’s Defence and Security Forces reformed that The Patriot is serialising.
THE BSAC Charter became the first written constitution of the new British colony which eventually was given the name Southern Rhodesia, named after Cecil John Rhodes.
Everything the colonialists did in the country from 1890 to 1923 (Company Rule ended in 1923) was done according to and in order to strengthen the Charter which, itself, promoted and protected, the interests of the British imperialists, the British ruling class, the real colonisers of Zimbabwe.
In fact the country actually belonged to the BSAC up to 1923.
The Charter was granted to Cecil John Rhodes and his fellow shareholders and directors (some of whom I mentioned above) on October 29 1889.
The Charter contained 35 clauses.
The BSAC Charter authorised and empowered the BSAC to colonise countries between Botswana and Mozambique and north of Botswana, that is, the land that eventually was subdivided into three countries that are today’s Zimbabwe, Zambia and Malawi, with Zimbabwe and Zambia being called Southern Rhodesia and Northern Rhodesia respectively, and Malawi called Nyasaland.
The Charter authorised and empowered the BSAC to form a government in the country and to rule as it saw fit, but with the ultimate supervision by the British Secretary of State.
In part the Charter said:
“The Company is hereby further authorised and empowered, subject to approval of one of Our Principal Secretaries of State (herein referred to as ‘Our Secretary of State’), from time to time, to acquire by any concession agreement grant or treaty, all or any rights, interests, authorities, jurisdictions and powers of any kind or nature whatever, including powers necessary for the purposes of government, and the preservation of public order in or for the protection of territories, lands, or property, comprised or referred to in the concession or agreements made as aforesaid or affecting other territories, lands or property in Africa, or the inhabitants thereof, and hold, use and exercise such territories, lands, property, rights, interests, authorities, jurisdictions and powers respectively for the purposes of the Company and on the terms of this Charter.”
The Company was also allowed, to the best of its ability, to preserve peace and order in such ways and manners as it shall consider necessary, and might with that object make ordinances and might establish and maintain a police force.
The Charter also clearly stated the real reason for the creation of the BSAC.
It said: “That the existence of a powerful British company, controlled by those of our subjects in whom we have confidence, and having its principal field of operations in that region of South Africa lying to the north of Bechuanaland and to the west of Portuguese East Africa, would be advantageous to the commercial and other interests of our subjects in the United Kingdom and our colonies.”
In other words, the BSAC was clearly, expressly, created to colonise Zimbabwe so that British business interests would make a killing in the country.
To make sure that the colonised worked as required by British companies, in terms of them producing maximum profits, that is, in terms of the whole work place and the country as a whole ‘promoting trade commerce civilisation and good government’, the Company had to make sure that Africans, ‘natives’, did not consume liquor in an unregulated way.
That is why until the 1960s blacks were, by law, not allowed ‘European’ liquor; it was a crime for Africans to consume clear beer or clear spirits!
‘Natives’ were to be prevented from having hangover at work and even prevented from fighting their ‘masters’ under the influence of the whiteman’s drink, and indeed ‘natives’ were to be kept in their ‘primitive’ brew, they could not take the same drink with their ‘masters’!
The Charter also made it very clear where the BSAC came from – it was a British company for it clearly said: “The Company shall always be and remain British in character and domicile, and shall have its principal office in Great Britain, and the Company’s principal representative in South Africa, and the directors shall always be natural born British subjects or persons who have been naturalised as British subjects by or under an Act of Parliament of our United Kingdom; but this Article shall not disqualify any person nominated as director by this our Charter, or any person whose election as a director shall have been approved by our Secretary of State from acting in that capacity.”
Clearly, the British state created the Rhodesian state; it created a department within itself to run the country the colonisers gave the name ‘Rhodesia’, an honour to one of the members of the British ruling class who had done very well for that class not only in the new colony, but in neighbouring South Africa itself across the Limpopo River to the south.
In other words, the first Rhodesian constitution was the Charter granted to the BSAC by the British queen and her government.
That is why its focus was to promote and protect the business interests of the British ruling class, and Rhodes had become a member of this class through the wealth that he had squeezed out of the veins of black workers in South Africa in his gold and diamond mines there.
The Charter was granted for 25 years – that is, the BSAC was given a free hand to rule the country for a quarter century.
The first institution of the Rhodesian state was the army that accompanied the Pioneer Column that invaded the country in 1890, within two years after it was granted.
The Column was made up of 200 young white men; most of them were below the age of 30 years old, and Dr Leander Starr Jameson (Rhodes’s most trusted companion in the colonisation and administration of the new colony, in fact he was the first administrator of Southern Rhodesia and later became Prime Minister of the Cape, his body is buried at the Matopo Hills, the Jameson Hotel in Harare is named after him, and like Rhodes, he is said to have been a homosexual) made sure that a good number of craft and technical skills were represented – blacksmiths, bakers, printers, carpenters, farmers, miners, as well as store-keepers, (Matshazi, 2008).
This means that the selection of who was to be a ‘pioneer’ was quite strict.
“The selection is said to have been carried out with considerable care, with Rhodes insisting that every member of the expedition was to have had South African experience, and that a good proportion were to be of Afrikaner extraction.
“In fact, an advertisement for the expedition was flighted, and two thousand applications were received from as far as Canada and Australia.” (Matshazi, 2008).