THE ‘New world Order’ programme by the Europeans to dominate other races was not only confined to the Americas. Europeans also sought to dominate using Christian missionary work and colonisation. Where ever the Europeans went, they spread strong anti-Islam sentiments and also demonised other cultures and religions that were not Catholic. Initially, the Europeans were all Catholic. Portugal and Spain were the first European nations to navigate the seas and to exploit foreign lands in the name of the Catholic Church. After the fall of the Moors of Granada, Spain, in 1492 CE, lands that were once under Moorish rule came under the control of the Ottoman Empire that had begun around 1300 CE and lasted till the end of the First World War (which in reality, was a European war). The Ottomans succeeded the Moors in the East. Egypt, Jerusalem, Central Asia, North Africa, Arabia and India were all under the Ottomans and were almost inaccessible to Europeans. The Europeans that ventured into these lands had to be in compliance with the Ottomans. This remained the case until the fall of the Ottoman Empire. Most Europeans thus focused their efforts on the West and were forced to forgo the more trodden eastern route. However, the Portuguese tried very hard to colonise India which was found to be rich in natural resources and also a strategic trading point. A large component of the Indian population was Muslim from the time of the Moors whose presence and influence had reached India and as far east as Indonesia and western China. The Portuguese began as the strong imperial power of Europe, but were soon after overtaken by the Spanish. The Spanish then made great strides in the Americas and the Portuguese were forced to seek an alternate target to reduce competition and they chose India. The first Europeans to enter India in this period were the Portuguese under Vasco da Gama. He set up his stronghold at Calicut and sought to spread Catholicism and to take over control of the European spice trade. India was a major supplier of spices then. Vasco da Gama was succeeded by Francisco de Almeida and Alfonso de Albuquerque. Francisco was involved in setting up Portuguese military forts in India and Alfonso was the first governor of the Portuguese settlement in India between 1509 CE and 1515 CE. Alfonso was the one who modelled the Portuguese settlement in India. He took over Goa in 1510 CE, which was at the west of India and after that he took over Malacca, Ormuz and numerous Indian islands that were key spice trade areas. When these Portuguese arrived in India, they found a great number of Muslims there, and the rest of the populations were either Hindus or Buddhists. The only Christians in India at that time were actually Syrians and these too would be forced into Catholicism by the Portuguese. To achieve their goals of turning the Indians into Catholicism, the Portuguese employed tactics similar to those that had been carried out in the Americas. First, it is important to realise that the self defined ‘wheat colour’ skinned Indians we often see today are not the original Indians, but are a mullato or coloured race like the mixed race Latinas and Arabs. The original Indians are as black skinned as the African, though they possess straight hair as opposed to the wooly haired African. These original Indians are still found in significant numbers among the Tamil community in India and Sri Lanka. The majority of these black Tamil Indians are Muslim to this day. According to Indian history, the black Indians of old succumbed to miscegenation with white Arian invaders about 4 000 years ago. The Arians had originated in India, as black Indians who had turned white skinned after the outbreak of a skin disease called vitiligo. The Indian albino is no different from the typical whiteman of today because unlike the African albino, the Indian albino does not possess wooly, but straight hair. These victims of vitiligo migrated from India in fear of skin damage from the sun, went past the Caucus Mountains and settled in the region around today’s Germany. The Arians then returned to India and other black lands after multiplying and were known to be invaders and plunderers. In India, this is the history that is attributed to the Caucasian white race which was known as the Barbarian nation during the time of the Roman Empire. Thus miscegenation in India began quite early and would be accelerated during the time of Alexander (the so called great). Alexander personally ran clean across India, and the black Indians again succumbed to miscegenation. Alexander promoted the idea of forming a Euro-Asian race which was a mix of the white Europeans and the black Asians to form the coloured races we now see in those regions today. When the Portuguese saw the continued presence of the black Indians, they sought to whitewash them again through miscegenation just as they had done in the Americas. The Portuguese were particularly concerned with the black Indians of Goa who were closely allied with Arab merchants and were for the most part Muslims. They then encouraged intermarriage with the Indians of Goa so as to effectively spread Catholicism and anti-Islamism to that population. They would also cause for their mixed race offspring to inherit their positions of governance so as to overcome the cultural and language barriers. The Portuguese would cause the Indian women to submit to mixing with them through either marriage, concubinage or abusing them under a master and slave relationship. The latter was often practised in South America. Before long, there emerged a new mixed race Indian community and the coloureds were and are still known as the Goanese or Luso-Indians. The Goanese mixed population then became firmly Catholic and were used by the Portuguese to carry out military exploits against Indians, Ottomans and Arabs that tried to resist Portuguese rule and Catholicism. The extent the Portuguese went to eliminate Islam in India made them unpopular in that land and they were constantly called heathens. They killed, imprisoned and expelled non-Catholics in a manner that was considered too cruel even for that age. All this cruelty was perpetrated under the guise of religious fervour by infamous missionaries such as Roberto de Nobili who was of mixed race and was nicknamed the White Brahman. Brahman is the name of an Indian tribe. The Portuguese eventually got annexed and overtaken by the Spanish in 1580 CE. Portuguese territory in India was inherited by the Spanish until they too lost power in 1640 CE. In 1588 CE the Spanish were defeated by the Dutch in Netherlands and thus from that point on, Dutch and British people also began to travel to India. The European presence in India increased with the Dutch subduing India as from 1595 CE and then the British as from 1600 CE up until 1947 CE. Thus the history of India shares a common experience with the Americas; that of European invasion and imposed miscegenation in the past 500 years. The mixed race Indians still exist and have multiplied because of exclusive intermarriage among the coloured Indians. Because of the coming of all these European settlers, some Indians are basically white and indistinguishable from Europeans. Indian blacks are to this day discriminated against by the lighter races. This is also because of the Hellenisation of Hinduism which was conducted by the Greeks after Alexander’s death. The history of the Arians was viewed unfavourably by the Greeks and they tried to remove the whites from historical prejudice by redefining history and also setting up a corrupt Hindu class system. The Hindu class system then set black Indians such as the Tamil at the bottom of the social hierarchy, and the Eurasian or mixed race Indians above them. These blacks are to this day treated as outcasts and are known as the untouchables and undesirables.